Les modaux :
- I must leave / go now - I have to leave/go now.
- I may be late today.
- I might not come this evening.
- He may not work today.
- She might leave earlier tonight.
- It may rain tomorrow.
- Can you check if the meal is ready?
- Could you come (to) see me for a sec(ond)?
- She seems/looks very young! She can't be over 40 years old.
- You mustn't smoke here.
- I might not come tomorrow.
- You should stop smoking.
- You could tell him the truth. / You might tell him the truth! (plus une idée de reproche avec "might").
- Tomorrow, I won't be able to come with you. I have to go to the bank.
- I had to go with her yesterday, she had an important appointement.
- The meeting may be canceled.
- The plane may have some delay.
- The plane must have some delay.
- I know Mary very well. She never lies. Those/these rumours can't be true. It's impossible!
- Will you be able to come/go/accompany us?
Le futur et ses nuances
- I won't come with you this weekend. / I'm not coming with you this weekend.
- I won't be coming with you tis weekend.
- I was told you will be there this weekend.
- You were seen yesterday in town together. Will you be coming back tomorrow?
- I won't tell you what he told me. / I'm not going to tell you what he told me.
- Shall we? / Shall we go?
- I will be seeing the CEO / manager this afternoon at 5pm.
- Will you come with us tomorrow?
- Shall we go to the cinema this evening?
- Shall we go to the seaside during/for the holiday(s) / vacation.
- The meeting will be starting at 3:00pm.
- The French team will be playing in Paris on Saturday at 6:00pm.
- You shall have it tomorrow.
- You shall not tell him/her.
- We shall win!
- Will you be staying with us?
- Will you stay with us tonight?
- Shall I turn oof / switch off the light?
- Are you going to the meeting tonight? / Will you be going to the meeting tonight?/ Are you going to go to the meeting tonight?
- No! I won't go to this appointment! / No! I'm not going to this apointment.
- Shall I take/make/schedule an appointment with him?
- I won't come with you tomorrow / I'm not coming with you tomorrow.
- I won't be coming with you tomorrow.
- No! I won't write this letter! / No! I'm not writing this letter!
- I'm going to buy/purchase a new laptop.
- No! I won't give it to you! / No! I'm not giving it to you!
Présent simple VS Présent progressif :
- I play football / soccer all Saturdays.
- "What are you doing?" - "I'm reading a book, it's quite good".
- Usually, I take the train at 5:00pm but tonight I'm taking it at 7:00pm.
- No way! I'm not telling you where he is.
- What do you do?
- Today I'm working until 8:00pm.
- I'm not eating that/this!
- He is watching TV.
- What he is telling him/her?
- No! I'm not going there!
- Where are you going? We're going to the Browns. We know them well.
- What are you looking at? I'm looking at Michael. He looks like his brother.
- Is Mary coming with us? Yes, we're waiting for her.
- Why are you smiling? - Because I'm thinking about your brother, I think he is a little crazy/mad.
Prétérit simple VS Prétérit progressif :
- I was reading when my mum/mom phoned me.
- I was running when I broke my leg.
- What were you doing when the accident occured?
- I saw Mary in the park yesterday, she was talking to a strange/weird man (= a weirdo).
- What were you doing yesterday afternoon when I phoned you?
Les conditionnels présent & passé
Le conditionnel présent:
- I would like to come with you.
- You could/might tell her/him you are not happy.
- You should tell him/her he won't come.
- You should tell him/her he won't be coming.
- What would you like to eat?
- What would you like to do?
- If she was/were there, she would say/tell the same thing.
- If I knew, I wouldn't come.
Le conditionnel présent:
- I would have liked to come with you.
- You could/might have told him/her you weren't happy.
- You should have told him/her he wouldn't come.
- You should have told him/he he wouldn't be coming.
- What would you have liked to eat?
- I thought she could/might have come with us.
- If she had been there, she could/might have said/told the same thing.
- If I had known, I wouldn't have come.
Les 2 conditionnels
You should tell him/her the truth. / you might/could tell him/her the truth. / If you came with me, it would be easier. / I would like to work here. / They should work more often. / They could/might sleep a little more. / I would love to go with him! / We could/might go to the cinema tonight. / We should tell him before. / We could/might go there by car. / If you had time, you would read more often. / If I had more money, I would buy/purchase a new car. / If she was/were honest, she would tell him/her the truth. / If I had known, I wouldn't have come. / You could/might have told me before! / You should have told me before. / If I had been you, I wouldn't have told him/her. / I shouldn't have told him/her that, it would have been easier. / I would have liked you to come with me. / If I had had more money, I would have bought/purchased a new car. / If I had been here, I wouldn't have done like this. / I should have done all this before. / I knew he would come. / She believed/thought I wouldn't understand. / If I had time, I would go with you. / What would you do if I wasn't / weren't there! / I think you might/could write to me more often. / She should spend less./ I would have asked. / He would have gone. / My mother would have known. / Nobody would have heard. / I would have forgotten. / She wouldn't have fallen (down).
Le passif et la traduction de "on" impersonnel
- They will be shown the city/town.
- I was helped / I have been helped.
- Stay, you are needed here.
- He was thought to be a spy.
- He cannot / can't be trusted.
- You will be taught music.
- He was arrested and taken to the police station / He has been arrested and taken to the police station.
- A new hotel is built here. / A new hotel is being built here.
- I was shown the city/town. / I have been shown the city.town.
- He was asked to show his passport. / He has been asked to show his passport.
- He is considered as a family member.
- He was considered as a family member.
- My car is being repaired/fixed.
- They will be shown the city/town.
- Nothing could be done to help them.
- I was helped. / I have been helped.
- I'm being helped.