Notions: SPACES & EXCHANGES
Topic: "Is the United-Kingdom Really United?"
1) The Birth & Formation of the United-Kingdom.
2) Prejudices & Stereotypes in Britain.
The map above, created by reddit user holytriplem, looks at stereotypes of the UK from one North Londoner’s perspective. If you’re from North London, you may find yourself agreeing with many of the stereotypes. However, if you’re from elsewhere in the UK you may just be thinking to yourself that this is just one more reason to hate London.
- Miserable walking holidays:Cumbria/The Lake District. The closest England gets to actual mountains. Lots of tourists go there on hiking/mountaineering holidays, and to profit from the beautiful scenery.
- Cheryl Cole:A former member of the girl-band Girls Aloud, who then became a judge on the X factor/Britain’s Got Talent, and who came from that part of England. Known in particular for her Geordie accent.
- Depressed people who own ferrets:Yorkshire. People from Yorkshire are viewed as being a bit glum, especially since you get films like Kes/The Full Monty etc (nicely summarised by this sketch) which paint a picture of post-industrial decline and depression. It’s basically characterised by the rest of the North, but for some reason you also have the stereotype about people in flat caps who own ferrets and race whippets. Also lots of brass bands in Yorkshire. Please don’t ask why.
- Thieves:Liverpool. Scousers (natives of Liverpool) and their accent are not popular among other Brits. They live in a city that was once one of the largest ports in the UK, but then it declined dramatically during the 70s/80s. It is basically considered our Detroit, with lots of boarded-up houses/shops etc. Its reputation has been rehabilitated slightly though since it was designated European Capital of Culture a few years back and they built a whole load of art galleries there. Also known for the Beatles.
- The North:Our rust-belt. Former the industrial centre of the UK, until Margaret Thatcher destroyed the manufacturing and mining sectors and left large swathes of the country unemployed and in poverty. Most southerners hold the view that ‘it’s grim up north’. Also the weather’s pretty miserable too.
- Sheeposexuals:Wales. A hilly, sparsely populated part of the country known for its large number of sheep.
- Farmers:The Westcountry. Rural area usually associated with yokels/country bumpkins (hicks) who drink cider and speak with a Hagrid/Pirate-type accent.
- People who shop at Waitrose:The Home Counties/South-East of England. Waitrose is a supermarket which is quite expensive and is known for its posh clientele. People who live in the South-East outside London tend to be thought of as either posh people or middle-class commuters who can’t afford to live in London.
- San Francisco:Brighton. Known to be slightly hipster-y and bohemian, and in particular for its LGBT scene. The only place in the country that voted for the Green party.
- Terrorists and Crazy Christians: Refers to the Northern Irish Troubles.
- Their cuisine leads to cardiac arrest: A reference to Scottish cuisine.
- Gang warfare and loan sharks: Refers to Glasgow’s reputation for high crime, including such things as the Glasgow Ice Cream Wars.
- Here be dragons: A reference to the fact that North Londoners rarely, if ever, go south of the Thames to South London.
3) Accents in The UK
The United Kingdom is probably the most dialect-obsessed nation in the world. With countless accents shaped by thousands of years of history, there are few English-speaking nations with as many varieties of language in such a small space.
4) Queen Elizabeth II becomes the longest reigning monarch.
Un mot sur la reine...
• C'est elle le symbol d'unité dans le Royaume-Uni.
• The Queen represents Britain to the rest of the world. At times of national celebration or tragedy, The Queen publicly represents the nation's mood.
• By means of regular visits through every part of the United Kingdom, The Queen is able to act as a focus for national unity and identity. Through her engagements and walkabouts, The Queen is able to meet people from every walk of life.
5) Scottish Independence and the 2014 Referendum.
Le référendum sur l'indépendance de l'Écosse s'est déroulé le jeudi 18 septembre 2014, conformément à l'accord d'Édimbourg signé le 15 octobre 2012 par le Premier ministre britannique David Cameron et le Premier ministre écossais Alex Salmond. La question posée aux Écossais était « Should Scotland be an independent country? », c'est-à-dire en français « L'Écosse devrait-elle être un pays indépendant ? ».
À l'issue de la nuit de dépouillement, la victoire du « non » est annoncée le 19 septembre au matin. Si le vote avait été favorable, l'indépendance aurait été proclamée le 24 mars 20164, soit 413 ans jour pour jour après la mort d'Élisabeth Ire d'Angleterre et l'accession au trône d'Angleterre de Jacques VI, roi d'Écosse, qui scella alors l'Union des Couronnes d'Angleterre et d'Écosse.
6) The English Education System Vs The Scottish Education System.
The first is Education. In Scotland, there are 4 levels:
-Nursery school, (kindergarten (US))
HIGH SCHOOL (lycée)
-Lower secondary school,
-Upper secondary school.
The national final exam in Scotland is called “Highers”. If you want to go to university, you need the “Advanced highers”.
In England, there are only 2 levels:
The national exam is the A-levels. When they take the exam they are 17 years old.
Uniforms are compulsory in both Scotland and England. Universities are free in Scotland, except for English people and healthcare as well.
In England, you must pay to attend universities, and it can cost more than £10,000 a year and for public universities.
7) What is 'Being British'?
Even if it’s a good example of open-mindedness, there are still other problems that people may encounter regarding some political parties and their agenda. A new party created by Nigel Faraj and called UKIP gathers more and more people and is a threat for democracy.
How British People see their Country and their Identity.
In this video, people are asked what being British is. British people have a big ego because they think that their union is a perfect one. They describe it as a mix of cultures that forms a melting pot, they describe it as united, working together and based on a collective identity. In the United Kingdom people have two types of identity: one for the nation they come from and the British one. Some of them define themselves as either Irish, Scottish or Welsh because they want to be independent and hate being seen as English. For Londoners Britain is London because it is what they think they are known for. However, most of the people don’t think that way. Although London is the capital of the UK and well-known for its landmarks such as Big Ben, London eye, Hyde Park, most of the people go on a walk in the countryside and live in the outskirts of big cities. They are fond of irony, understatements and keen on sarcasm. Indian culture had a big influence on British people and their cuisine.
The 6 Nations Championship - 'United in Rivalry'
The document is an advert / commercial for the rugby competition called the Six Nations which takes place every year. The nations of the UK and both Italy and France play against each other.
At the beginning we can see supporters who repeat the same word “England!” They look like optimistic and they seem to support the English players. What is strange is that the supporters are all from different nations such as Irish people, Welsh people, and Scottish people except England.
At the end we learn that it is a joke and they all want to see England loose. As shown in the video, they are “united in the rivalry”. In England the video was banned.
We can say that England and the rest of the UK are the Best Enemies Forever.
A girl brings her new boyfriend home to her dad. What could possibly go wrong...
In the clip, the father drinks Irn-Bru to keep his temper in check after his daughter’s new love interest shows off a World Cup 1966 shirt, and welcomes a bulldog draped in an England flag into the house - who then breaks wind on a Saltire rug
Read more: http://www.scotsman.com/news/odd/irn-bru-ad-faces-anti-english-watchdog-probe-1-2887221#ixzz3xmfFwvJ5